Because English-Chinese language is mixed in thinking means,convey the difference on the method, when undertaking Ying Yihan, some sentences are stated by literal meaning obverse side cannot trustily is conveyed former justice, and make opposite expression be achieved possibly with textual equivalence or approximate equivalent the effect, this kind of situation says for converse interpreter. Converse interpreter includes two fields: It is state the front interpret into the opposite, or be state the opposite interpret into the front; The 2 order that are two will comparative respects are conversed, if compare armour second strong interpret to compare armour to lose into second, give priority to object changeover language. According to interpreter practice of the author, below the following circumstance, best, must undertake converse interpreter even. Now with chief editor of Mr Wu Jingrong " selected readings of contemporary English essay " a few texts that go up are exemple, the specification is as follows.
One, convey hard when openly interpreter former justice when:
1. At The Close Of 1933, keynes Addressed A Letter To Franklin D.Roosevelt, which, notSeeking Reticence, he Published In The New York Times. ... The Following YearHe Visited FDR But The Letter Had Been A Better Means Of Communication.EachMan Was Puzzled By The Face-to-face Encounter.
How understand in afore-mentioned sentences and translate Not Seeking Reticence, interpret becomes him " do not want to keep silence " , admittedly pretty good. But in light of the practice from Keynesia, he writes a president at the same time, be in correspondence the United States at the same time publish on the famousest old newspaper, its purpose is to win public support, enlarge an influence, also be to bring to bear on to the president at the same time public opinion pressure, afore-mentioned interpret laws cannot reflect this kind of active implication. If press converse interpreter, interpret is become " to want to make the public all knows " , or even interpret is become " to go after resounding effect " , can reflect more former justice. the 2nd if by exterior word justice interpret is become " the 2nd year he visited Luo Sifu, but he sealed a letter to become better communication kind then " , cannot convey not only former justice, and know a cloud scarcely. If undertake converse interpreter, become the clause interpret from the back:
"But the effect that talks this is inferior to sealing a letter then last instead " , can reflect already former justice, clear and coherent and coherent: By 1933, keynesia writes Luo Sifu's president. To make the public all knows, he is in this letter " new York Times " go up to be published publicly. ... the 2nd year he visited Luo Sifu, but the effect that meets this still is inferior to sealing a letter then last. They two people are planted to this face-to-face meet feel bemused.
2. In Economics One Should Never Be Right Too Soon.The Shrewd ScholarAlways Waits Until The Parade Is Passing His Door And Then Steps BravelyOut In Front Of The Band.