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Introduction
From;    Author:Stand originally

Consecutive Interpretation, in Which The Interpreter Waits Until A Complete Statement Has Been Spoken And Then Begins Interpreting (so Only One Person Is Speaking At A Time) , is Used Primarily To Interpret Witness Testimony, a Situation In Which Everyone In The Courtroom Needs To Hear The Interpretation. Simultaneous Interpretation Is Generally Considered Inappropriate For Witness Testimony- - Unless The Courtroom Is Equipped With Wireless Equipment For That Purpose- - Because Hearing Two Voices At Once Is Too Distracting. In Your Work As A Court Interpreter, you Will Find That Simultaneous Interpretation Is Called For Much More Often Than Consecutive, because Most Cases Are Settled Without A Trial. Nevertheless, you Must Be Prepared To Perform Consecutive Interpretation At Any Time.

When You Are Interpreting A Witness' Testimony Into English, your Version Is The Only Record Of What That Witness Said. Therefore, a Very High Standard Of Accuracy Prevails In Consecutive Interpretation. Not Only Must You Convey The Content Of The Source-language Message, but You Must Also Convey Structural Elements Of That Message That Are Not Contained In The Words: Pauses, tone Of Voice, stress, etc. Many Interpreters Regard Consecutive As The Most Difficult Mode Of Interpreting Because It Is So Hard To Retain All Of These Aspects Of The Source Language Message, particularly When A Question Or Answer Is Very Lengthy Or Is Not Entirely Coherent (an Unfortunate Fact Of Life In Court Interpreting) .

Memory Exercises

Because Memory Is Such An Important Component Of Consecutive Interpretation, this Chapter Begins With Six Memory Exercises (Tape 4B) , which Are Designed To Help You Improve Your Memory Skills Before Beginning To Practice Consecutive Interpretation. They Are Placed In A Logical Sequence So That You Can Work On The Individual Components Of Consecutive Interpretation And Gradually Put Them Together To Form A Whole. Each Of The Six Lessons Illustrates A Type Of Exercise That Aids In The Development Of Consecutive Interpreting Skills; You Can Use These As Models And Make Up Your Own Exercises If You Feel You Need To Work More On One Or More Aspects Of Memory.

The First Two Lessons Are Really Listening Exercises; Many People Overlook Listening As A Component Of Memory, but It Should Not Be Taken For Granted. Often, errors In Consecutive Interpretation Occur Because The Interpreter Was Not Using Good Listening Skills. For Example, if You Become Bogged Down In Details And Fail To Grasp The Overall Meaning Of A Passage, you Will Not Be Able To Recall It Correctly. Thus, lesson 1 Emphasizes Zeroing In On The Main Idea. If You Allow Yourself To Be Distracted By An Unfamiliar Word, an Idea You Disagree With, or An Emotional Reaction To Vulgar Language Or Incorrect Usage, you May Stop Listening To The Rest Of The Passage And You Will Not Be Able To Recall It Accurately. On The Other Hand, if You Strongly Agree With A Statement Or Have A Personal Association With What The Speaker Is Saying, you Will Be Better Able To Recall The Message.
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